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The apostle's concern that his countrymen were strangers to the gospel. They expected justification by observing the precepts and ceremonies of the law of Moses. In the back of my mind, it seems I had determined that Houston, Texas, was one place I would not want to go. Grace does not run in the blood; nor are saving benefits always found with outward church privileges. These three chapters are the Apostle Paul’s discussion of the nation Israel—past, present, and future. Romans 9 tackles challenging and hard-to-follow issues. Romans 9:3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my own flesh and blood, Paul insists there is an advantage to Israel, as a nation, in that they have been given the "oracles"—the Word—of God. 1. All the promises concerning Christ and his salvation were given to them. He is not only over all, as Mediator, but he is God blessed for ever. It is authored by Paul the Apostle, while he was in Corinth in the mid 50s CE, with the help of an amanuensis (secretary), Tertius, who adds his own greeting in Romans 16:22. Although I never verbalized that Houston was off limits, somehow it became apparent to me that I would not seriously consider inquires from there. Rather, Paul is explaining a text from the Old Testament that mentions the mouth and the heart. Romans 10:9-10 talk about the mouth and the heart not as if this is the single New Testament formula for salvation (for example, as if every salvation text must mention the mouth, or as if deaf-mutes cannot be saved, neither of which is true). Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. And this is, that he will receive, and not cast out, those that come to Christ; but the drawing of souls in order to that coming, is an anticipating, distinguishing favour to whom he will. But the ninth chapter of Romans is devoted to establishing the sovereignty of God in salvation. It is not merely implied, or even stated; it is declared, proven, and even defended against some of the popular objections to this truth. Paul’s Love for Israel. These three chapters are the Apostle Paul’s discussion of the nation Israel—past, present, and future. In Romans, Paul is writing to both Jew and Gentile Christians, but is the whole letter aimed at both groups or are parts of the letter aimed at one or the other of the two groups? Romans 9. Solicitude for Israel. The chosen people became a nation greatly favored by God. Wherein the holy, happy people of God differ from others, God's grace alone makes them differ. Chapter. Romans 9 is the ninth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Romans 9 – Has God Rejected Israel? Yet they attained to righteousness by faith. As to all who love and fear God, however such truths appear beyond their reason to fathom, yet they should keep silence before him. If we survey the right which God has over us, in a more generalway, with regard to his intelligent creatures, God may be considered in two different views, as Creator, Proprietor, and Lord of all; or, as their moral Governor, and Judge. God could do no wrong, however it might appear to men. Romans 9 comes after Romans 8 for this utterly crucial reason: it shows that the word of God’s covenant with Israel has not failed, because it is grounded in God’s sovereign, electing mercy. Identify at least two different ways that we can relate Paul’s argument about God’s call of Israel to God’s election of individuals to salvation. Paul’s Love for Israel. The time when we shall exist, the country where we shall live, our parents, our constitution of body and turn of mind; these, and numberless other circumstances, are doubtless ordered with perfect wisdom, but by rules that lie quite out of our sight.But God's methods of dealing with us, as our Governor and Judge, are dearly revealed and perfectly known; namely, that he will finally reward every man according to his works: "He that believeth shalt be saved, and he that believeth not shall be damned. (1-5) The promises are made good to the spiritual seed of Abraham. In Romans 7:1, we see that humans are under the law while we live; however, Jesus' death on the cross makes believers dead to the law (Romans 7:4). Salem Media Group. God will make it appear that he hates sin. He will show mercy, as he hath assured us, to none but true believers, nor harden any but such as obstinately refuse his mercy. It is the original … Explain Paul’s purpose in Romans 9–11 and relate that purpose to the theme and development of the letter. This does not relate to the person of Jacob or Esau. 9 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit— 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. Jeremiah 18:6 ,7. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information, Because it lay quite wide of his design, which was this, to show that God's rejecting the Jews and receiving the gentiles was consistent with his word. But since Israel as a nation had rejected the Messiah, Paul argued, God was now going to use their blindness rather than their obedience to achieve it (Rom. Indeed, Paul insisted God was yet going to attain his goal. Yet they attained to righteousness by faith. The promise comes through faith in Christ not by works of the Law. Chapter. Romans 9 is the ninth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. Who wouldn’t serve a God like that?! To God be the glory for the things HE has done! No, the point of Romans 9 is that God sought to bless the entire world by raising up Israel to be a light and a blessing to others. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Explain Paul’s purpose in Romans 9–11 and relate that purpose to the theme and development of the letter. Paul hopes that all Israelites will come to realize the truth since he himself is also an Israelite, and had in the past been a persecutor of Early Christians. If left to themselves they would have continued in sin through life; but for wise and holy reasons, not made known to us, he purposed to change Jacob's heart, and to leave Esau to his perverseness. According to Paul, there are many people who sin because they do not know the law, but those who sin with full knowledge of their actions will be judged according to it. Paul poses questions, much like those one would expect from someone taking issue with what Paul wrote in Romans chapter 2. As the end of my seminary training neared, I had to give thought to what I would do after graduation and just where that might be. When you are studying scripture, keep the light right on your feet and take one step at a time. The Book of Romans Chapter 9. He stated that people like that were God-haters, lustful, impure and disobedient. of Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Thank you Terrance. This is part of a series of posts on Romans. 3 For I could wish that I myself were accursed and separated from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kin according to the flesh. Romans Chapter 9--Introduction. Week 3: Romans 8:9-11 (1) Look back on your notes for verses 1-8. Having completed this task, God did not set Israel aside. © 2020 Christianity.com. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Romans 9 . ESV, Romans 8:5-8: 5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit set their minds on the things of the Spirit. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Romans 9 . CHAPTER 9. The Jews talked much of justification and holiness, and seemed very ambitious to be the favourites of God. The apostle's concern that his countrymen were strangers to the gospel. Would not men allow the infinite God the same sovereign right to manage the affairs of the creation, as the potter exercises in disposing of his clay, when of the same lump he makes one vessel to a more honourable, and one to a meaner use? Click here for the contents page.. Romans chapter 10 is Israeli salvation! It becomes us to submit to him, not to reply against him. They had long been professed worshippers of Jehovah. 9. 9. 9 I (A)tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Spirit, 2 (B)that I have great sorrow and continual grief in my heart. Romans 9 is not about some strange act of God whereby He chooses some to receive eternal life while others get damned to hell by God’s sovereign eternal decree. Yet they attained to righteousness by faith. 9. This great truth this Scripture teaches us. The truth, as it is in Jesus, abases man as nothing, as less than nothing, and advances God as sovereign Lord of all. Reply. This is God's work. Chapter 9 brings a slight shift in focus to the Book of Romans. Not by becoming proselytes to the Jewish religion, and submitting to the ceremonial law; but by embracing Christ, and believing in him, and submitting to the gospel. Paul poses questions, much like those one would expect from someone taking issue with what Paul wrote in Romans chapter 2. These involve both Israel's place in God's plans and God's own character. He and his father both served as Pharisees. It is a wonder of Divine power and mercy that there are any saved: for even those left to be a seed, if God had dealt with them according to their sins, had perished with the rest. Surely there can be no unrighteousness in any of these Divine dispensations. However, here are some of the most loved verses. Sinners fit themselves for hell, but it is God who prepares saints for heaven; and all whom God designs for heaven hereafter, he fits for heaven now. The promise comes through faith in Christ not by works of the Law. (6-13) Answers to objections against God's sovereign conduct, in exercising mercy and justice. No, the point of Romans 9 is that God sought to bless the entire world by raising up Israel to be a light and a blessing to others. Appreciate afresh the sovereignty of God in working out his plans in the world. Released from the Law. Not only some of Abraham's seed were chosen, and others not, but God therein wrought according to the counsel of his own will. To be insensible to the eternal condition of our fellow-creatures, is contrary both to the love required by the law, and the mercy of the gospel. This is part of a series of posts on Romans. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. Romans 9:2 I have deep sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. The apostle's concern that his countrymen were strangers to the gospel. 6 To set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. It is the Lord alone who made us to differ; we should adore his pardoning mercy and new-creating grace, and give diligence to make our calling and election sure. Paul’s Anguish Over Israel. Refer to Romans 9:2-3. Cancel {{#items}} {{/items}} Romans 9. Commentary forRomans 9. It tends very much to the clearing of a truth, to observe how the Scripture is fulfilled in it. Romans 8:9, “You however, are controlled not by the sinful nature, but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. 1. In Romans chapters one through eight, Paul thoroughly convinced us about man’s need and God’s glorious provision in Jesus Christ through the Holy Spirit. The temple worship was typical of salvation by the Messiah, and the means of communion with God. Paul insists there is an advantage to Israel, as a nation, in that they have been given the "oracles"—the Word—of God. God, as sovereign Lord and Proprietor of all, dispenses his giftsor favours to his creatures with perfect wisdom, but by no rules or methods of proceeding that we are acquainted with. Being about to discuss the rejection of the Jews and the calling of the Gentiles, and to show that the whole agrees with the sovereign electing love of God, the apostle expresses strongly his affection for his people. that my grief is great, and unceasing sorrow is in my heart. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. "For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation." The Gentiles knew not their guilt and misery, therefore were not careful to procure a remedy. As we look at Romans chapter 9, remember one thing—observation, interpretation, application. T here are definitely some points where he is explicitly talking to one of the groups, so it can’t all be aimed at both groups. The rejection of the Jews by the gospel dispensation, did not break God's promise to the patriarchs. Romans 9 is an explanation for why the word of God has not failed even though God’s chosen people, Israel, as a whole, are not turning to Christ and being saved. Not by becoming proselytes to the Jewish religion, and submitting to the ceremonial law; but by embracing Christ, and believing in him, and submitting to the gospel. Therefore, the promises to the true Israel and the promises … Israel is the focus of the Apostle Paul in Romans chapters 9, 10 and 11. a. The Jews talked much of justification and … 3 For I could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my people, those of my own race, 4 the people of Israel. If the salvation of … Proud member Would we know who these vessels of mercy are? It's only when he comes to the end of his section on justification by faith alone in Christ alone that he says, "Okay, now that we have seen how to be justified, let's turn to see how we can be saved." (1-5) The promises are made good to the spiritual seed of Abraham. Commentary on Romans 9:30-33 (Read Romans 9:30-33) The Gentiles knew not their guilt and misery, therefore were not careful to procure a remedy. … It is the issue in view and the conclusion of the entire chapter. The Jews talked much of justification and … Having completed this task, God did not set Israel aside. He uses the example of the Israelites, who pursued righteousness by the law without obtaining it, and Gentiles, who pursued it by faith and obtained righteousness through Jesus Christ. Chapter Overview: In this chapter St. Paul, after strongly declaring his love and esteem for them, sets himself to answer the grand objection of his countrymen; namely, that the rejection of the Jews and reception of the gentiles was contrary to the word of God. Paul was truly a child of Israel. * 1 I speak the truth in Christ, I do not lie; my conscience joins with the holy Spirit in bearing me witness a 2 that I have great sorrow and constant anguish in my heart. 9 For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers; 10 Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God to come unto you. Rather, Paul is explaining a text from the Old Testament that mentions the mouth and the heart. ", Therefore, though "He hath mercy on whom he willeth, andwhom he willeth he hardeneth," that is, suffers to be hardened in consequence of their obstinate wickedness; yet his is not the will of an arbitrary, capricious, or tyrannical being. Romans 5th chapter talks about how when we were yet sinners, Christ died for us..and that much by itself make me so grateful that our awesome God loved us and loves us better than we can even love our ownselves. All Rights Reserved. It would be easy to select just about any verse from chapter 8 to be on the list. Romans 9:6-13 ESV / 5 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. 1 I am telling the truth in Christ, I am not lying, my conscience testifies with me in the Holy Spirit, 2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing grief in my heart. The law, and the national covenant which was grounded thereon, belonged to them. 1 I speak the truth in Christ—I am not lying, my conscience confirms it through the Holy Spirit— 2 I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. In Romans Chapter 1, Paul talked about the sexual impurity of the people and how they gave in to their lusts. 2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.. 3 For what if some did not believe? Yet both texts mention the mouth and the heart … The fault is in the hardened sinner himself. In chapters 9–11 Paul addresses the faithfulness of God to the Israelites, where he says that God has been faithful to his promise. 3 For b I could wish that I myself were c accursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, 1 my kinsmen d according to the flesh. Solicitude for Israel. Nor in God's exercising long-suffering, patience, and forbearance towards sinners under increasing guilt, before he brings utter destruction upon them. Paul was both Jewish and a Roman citizen. shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?. Romans 11:9-10 "And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, and a stumbling block, and a recompence unto them:" "Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, and bow down their back always." He was in such anguish for his … The sexual impurity of the entire chapter for as many as are led by the Spirit is life romans, chapter 9 talks about:! And God 's sovereign conduct, in exercising mercy and justice thought could have gone chapter... This sovereignty is in my heart but the ninth chapter of the Christian Bible 8:14 for as as... Wills nothing but what is infinitely wise and good ; and his,. Needed to commit to obeying it addresses the faithfulness of God has failed, speak... Theme and development of the Jews, and the taking in the blood ; nor saving... And relate that purpose to the spiritual seed of Abraham of the Jews talked much of justification holiness! 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