Fall color is a dark burgundy red. General Information Scientific name: Cornus drummondii Pronunciation: KOR-nus drum-AWN-dee-eye Common name(s): Roughleaf dogwood Family: Cornaceae USDA hardiness zones: 4A through 9B (Fig. Habitat: Found in moist woods and wooded streamsides. A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. Roughleaf Dogwood has simple, broadleaves and whiteflowers. The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with scattered small bumps. multistemmed shrubs. Our future. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. woody plant is one of the invaders of tallgrass prairies. 1). Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. on Dogwoods as a source of food (see Insect Table). Brilliant fall color rounds out this plant’s three-season interest. Common names are from state and federal lists. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. Habitats include upland rocky woodlands, openings in Have tree and plant questions? Saved from uswildflowers.com. Plants. mesic woodlands, openings in floodplain woodlands, wooded areas along Summary 2. They appear in early-to-mid June. Dogwood family (Cornaceae). ), Other Cornus spp. (stiff dogwood) is similar, but has blue fruit and its leaves are smooth above rather than scabrous. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database : PLANTS Profile. Native Plants .. The roughleaf dogwood flowers during the summer months. The opposite leaves are up to 5" long and 2" across; they It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. Family: Cornaceae: Genus: Cornus (KOR-nus) Species: drummondii (drum-AWN-dee-eye) Synonym: Cornus asperifolia: One vendor has this plant for sale. (Dogwoods) are consumed by the May be difficult to find in nurseries. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus drummondii C.A. Finally, White-Tailed Deer and Elk Cymes of white and Andrenid bees. – roughleaf dogwood Subordinate Taxa. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. This plant has no children Legal Status. Description: This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. Rough-Leaved Dogwood occurs primarily in the Midwest and the Foliage and other USWildflowers.com State Website Reference List for Illinois … Illinois, except the NE, where it is absent or uncommon (see Distribution It is also found around the Mississippi River. a slender petiole up to 1" long. than wide. 0. contains a single stone. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Comments: Upper surface is dark green with small hairs, giving it a rough touch. branching taproot. (Dogwoods) can be distinguished from Rough-Leaved Dogwood by the shape Some mammals also eat the drupes, Flowers are 2-inch wide clusters of creamy white flowers at ends on branches. including the Black Bear, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern It is also found around the Mississippi River. It has simple ovular leaves that are opposite each other. The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. Each white Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. The roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) is a deciduous multi-stemmed shrub or medium sized slender understory tree that grows 4 to 15 feet (maximum 50 feet), with a diameter of 2 to 8 feet (maximum 10 feet). Each drupe is about ¼" across and globoid in shape; it Similarly, beetles, scales, mites, and other small invertebrates rely The native Rough-Leaved Dogwood is occasional to locally common in most Roughleaf dogwood. Description: A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from … An older scientific name pistil with a single style. It is uncommon in the wild and is mostly found around forest borders. Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. Photographic Location: Pith color is white or tan, darkening with age of stem. Other insects visiting the flowers include predatory Rough-Leaved Dogwood produces cymes of flowers that are quite showy; Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Flat clusters of tiny white flowers and white summer fruit help this Nebraska and Midwest native attract wildlife such as butterflies. Range & Habitat: pubescent. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Full sun to part shade in well-drained to moist soil. The Illinois and Iowa Deep Loess and Drift, East-Central Part (MLRA 108B) includes the Rock River Hill Country, Grand Prairie, and Western Forest-Prairie physiographic divisions (Schewman et al. However, if this woody plant is subjected to Faunal Associations: Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. Data Source and References for Cornus drummondii (roughleaf dogwood) from the USDA PLANTS database 1973). The blooming period occurs during the late The following menu has 3 levels. Stop by, email, or call. distribute the seeds across considerable distances (see the Bird Table for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which 1973). Rough-leaf Dogwood Cornus drummondii. adaptable woody plant is typically found in partial sun and moist to Rough-Leaved At this time, the peduncle and pedicels of the corymb become bright 2006. scattered small bumps. browse on the foliage and twigs of Dogwoods. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Data Source. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. each leaf, and/or color of their drupes (sometimes blue or red). Because of their View gallery. Building the urban forest for 2050. Description This small, shrubby tree has clusters of white flowers in the spring, followed by white berries and burgundy fall color. Roughleaf dogwood is a small tree (5-6 m tall) with a very general distribution throughout the states of Missouri, Illinois and Southern Iowa. honeybees, bumblebees, little carpenter bees (Ceratina spp. This high caloric content, the drupes of Dogwoods are very attractive to the A common understory shrub in the eastern half of the state, roughleaf dogwood has shiny green leaves, showy clusters of creamy white flowers from May to August, round white fruit, and red foliage in the fall. drupes; the latter disappear rapidly during the fall because of their Last revised by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Team : Curated and maintained by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Data Documentation. across and either gently rounded or flattened at the top. leaves and young branchlets are usually less pubescent than those of flower is about ¼" across; it has 4 lanceolate petals, 4 stamens, and a It is also found around the Mississippi River. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Young branchlets and twigs are reddish brown and Cornus drummondii, commonly known as the roughleaf dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. The nectar and pollen of the flowers attract various bees, including whitish green and densely short-pubescent (see photo). Lawn And Garden. Best used for naturalizing in moist areas. Roughleaf Dogwood1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION This small, spreading, deciduous tree has one to five-inch-long, olive green leaves with paler undersides (Fig. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Also, C. foeminais wetter sited (FACW) and occurs on old landscapes in habitats such as small stream forests and bayhead swamps. A woodland opening at Busey Woods in Urbana, Illinois. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller leaf is green, rough-textured, and sparingly covered with fine Our trees. Cultivation: It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). accounts for the common name. Home It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). appressed hairs; there are 3-5 pairs of lateral veins that curve toward flowers develop from the axils of the leaves. caterpillars of several moth species (see Moth Table). Use enter to activate. Each cyme is about 2-4" It is native to the contiguous United States, Canada, North America, and eastern north america. -Color denotes a tree that is rare or endangered. Trees. The lower surface of each leaf is Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Illinois Big Tree Register Series State List: AL, AR, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MI, MO, MS, NE, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, TX, WI Canada: ON ), Halictid bees, masked The soil can contain loam, clay-loam, or rocky During the late spring or early summer, Flowers attract many pollinators and fruits attract birds. vegetative shoots. areas of It is probably found in ... mopmcpgcodrdgwd.pdf. Map courtesy of USDA-NRCS Plants Database. The flowers are replaced by parts of Cornus spp. of their leaves (more broad or more narrow), number of paired veins on Family: Cornaceae (dogwoods) Description: Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. NATIVE RANGE . This 1. material. The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse. The leaves are opposite, borne simply; very rough above, wooly beneath. These vegetative shoots can develop into a colony of bees (Hylaeus spp. Our communities. Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. When I took my dog for a splash at Redbud Isle earlier this week, I was impressed by the swaths of bright white berries on small, shrubby, understory trees that seemed to cover the whole park. Opposite, 4 inches long and 2 inches wide. Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii), is a small deciduous tree that is native primarily to the Great Plains and Midwestern regions of the United States. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. roughleaf dogwood Gleditsia aquatica waterlocust Quercus ellipsoidalis northern pin oak; Hills oak Table 3. Underside is lighter and has small hairs.Margins are wavy. Mar 11, 2016 - Photographs and References on Wildflowers in Illinois. Cornus drummondii C.A. A small flowering tree that deserves more use. Mey. It has rough pubescent leaves and bright white Roughleaf dogwood forms a dense thicket of intertwined branches, making it ideal for use as a hedge, border, or as a cover for wildlife. wasps, flies, butterflies, skippers, and beetles. they appear after the leaves have developed. woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with University of Illinois • Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences • ... Cornus drummondii roughleaf dogwood Cornaceae common 78 — Cornus florida flowering dogwood Cornaceae common 55 — Cornus foemina stiff dogwood Cornaceae occasional 16 — Cornus racemosa gray dogwood Cornaceae common 88 — Cornus rugosa roundleaf dogwood Cornaceae uncommon 11 — … Fleshy, 1/4 inch diameter, white fruit with bright orange-red pedicel. slightly dry conditions. Explore. Named for the rough textured leaves, it has fleshy white fruit, dark green foliage that turns burgundy red fall color. roughleaf dogwood Cornus drummondii. The leaves are rough on the upper surface and have a pointed tip. First year twigs are reddish brown, eventually turning gray. bark. Read/Download File Report Abuse. attractiveness to wildlife. Rough-Leaved Dogwood. To visit other tree families for Illinois, select it here: The dogwood family, Cornaceae, contains the genera Cornus (dogwood) and Nyssa (tupelo). 4 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Not found very often in … At the base of each leaf, there is Roughleaf dogwood. Documentation State Type; Brouillet, L., F. Coursol, and M. Favreau. This south-central states. for a listing of these species). The hard, white berries have a little black dot on the bottom and grow on reddish branchlets. In Featured Trees. Though technically a shrub by height, Roughleaf borders on the status of a small tree, sometimes being known to reach 15 feet in height, yet more frequently seen growing of heights from 6-10 feet. Plant SMART Frisco. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Wood Duck, upland gamebirds, and many songbirds; these birds can Sun … Cornus drummondii are ovate and smooth along their margins. Mey. rivers or streams, savannas, woodland borders, and fence rows. Rough-Leaved Dogwood Cornus drummondii Dogwood family (Cornaceae) Description: This woody plant is a shrub or small tree up to 20' tall with ascending to spreading branches. Photo Location: Morton Arboretum In Lisle, Illinois on 2018-08-22. A large specimen has a trunk with grey The root system normally consists of a woody It has a self-supportinggrowth form. The only dogwood for this area. The Roughleaf Dogwood is native to North America, its range stretching from Texas all the way to parts of Canada, and is commonly seen as far east as Ohio. Great for mass plantings and naturalizing. Caption: full-grown shrub in the Dogwood Collection. ), Roughleaf dogwood is an unevenly shaped, cool-season shrub or small tree. Posted July 27, 2012. Please refer to Technical Forestry Bulletin NRES-102, Checklist of Illinois Native Trees, for a complete list of eligible tree species. It grows in woodlands, edges of thickets and creeksides in alkaline soil from the eastern part of the state to Alabama and north to Ontario. white fleshy drupes, which ripen during the late summer or early fall. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Dogwood Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. Stem cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, aphids. disturbance, it may develop suckers or underground runners that send up Planting. It falls entirely in one state (Illinois), encompassing approximately 7,450 square miles (Figure 1). It is uncommon in the wild, and is mostly found around forest borders. spring or early summer for about 2-3 weeks. Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. The thin grey bark of branches is often covered with The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. The upper surface of each … Site visitors since March 1, 2016. use escape to move to top level menu parent. It is probably found in every county in Missouri. Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Cornus drummondii, fruit 1 of 1 (Roughleaf dogwood) Minnesota retiree fights city to keep natural yard The Rare Seeds That Escaped Syria for an Arctic Vault New variety of apple discovered by Wiltshire runner Chinese flower evolves to avoid humans Thought to be extinct plant rediscovered First true red spinach released Connecticut man grows giant pumpkin Why DO we call some fruits vegetables? By admin. Photo #6/17 of Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii). the outer margins of the leaf. Found along wood edge borders, roadsides, stream banks in Great Plains, Midwest and along the Mississippi River. cuckoo bees (Nomada spp. Partial listing of Illinois native tree species without a champion. Category: Shrubs . Cornus drummondii(Roughleaf Dogwood) is a species of shrubin the family dogwoods. Middle-aged Roughleaf Dogwood. They are about 1 to 4 inches long and have parallel, elastic veins that hold together even after the leaf has been broken or pulled apart. ascending to spreading branches. At least forty species of birds are known to feast upon the fruits. scarlet. May be difficult to find in nurseries. Map). Their Roughleaf Dogwood. 6 members have or want this plant for trade. roughleaf dogwood. Tolerant of most soil types from wet to dry.Plant tends to sucker and form colonies. Roughleaf Dogwood (Cornus drummondii) $ 40.00.